Nelson Oser-Small, 17, and Mia Kelly, 17, eat tofu scramble they made for breakfast at the Kelly family home in Gatineau, Que., on Saturday, Feb. 15, 2020. Kelly decided to become vegetarian after marching in last fall’s climate strike in Ottawa. “After that, climate change was really on my mind a lot,” she said. “And then I realized that switching to a vegetarian or vegan diet was the biggest thing I could do as an individual.” Her friend Nelson Oser-Small, 17, has also adopted vegetarianism. THE CANADIAN PRESS/Justin Tang

Climate change concerns prompt more youths to go vegetarian or vegan

Younger people are three times more likely to consider themselves vegetarian or vegan than those 49 or older

Mia Kelly, 17, decided to become vegetarian after marching in last fall’s climate strike in Ottawa.

“After that, climate change was really on my mind a lot,” she said. “And then I realized that switching to a vegetarian or vegan diet was the biggest thing I could do as an individual.”

Her friend Nelson Oser-Small, 17, has also adopted vegetarianism.

“Honestly it’s like a trend now to become vegan or vegetarian,” he said. “A lot of my friends are taking a bigger interest in climate change and they know that eating less meat will help.”

Both teens say being vegetarian has been easy so far.

“I don’t really miss meat all that much. But the other day was the Super Bowl and I really missed having chicken wings to watch the game. I guess I also missed the turkey and stuffing at Christmas dinner,” Kelly said. “It’s more like tradition, than the actual meat itself.”

According to a 2018 Dalhousie University study, people under the age of 35 are three times more likely to consider themselves vegetarian or vegan than people 49 or older. This translates to almost two out of every three vegans in Canada being millennials or from Generation Z. Similar results are found in other studies conducted in Canada and the United States.

“In 2018 we estimated that 6.4 million Canadians already follow a diet that restricts meat partially or completely,” notes the principal investigator of the study Sylvain Charlebois from the Agri-Food Analytics Lab. “But now we’ve already revised this number to 10.2 million. Things are changing really fast, faster than ever really.”

READ MORE: Is vegan food a human right? Ontario firefighter battling B.C. blaze argues it is

And Charlebois says these numbers could continue to grow as young people end up passing their diets down to their own kids. He explains that this would then change expectations for greenhouse gas emissions, health indicators such as heart disease, as well as the food industry itself.

Teen idols, including climate activist Greta Thunberg and singer-songwriter Billie Eilish, have taken to social media to encourage kids to go vegan.

Eilish recently asked her millions of Instagram followers to take responsibility for climate change, including by giving up meat, dairy, and plastic.

Thunberg says her key efforts to combat climate change include a vegan diet, not flying, and no longer buying unnecessary new things.

“In the last few years there’s been a dramatic increase in the kids who go vegan, with climate change rapidly gaining speed as the reason they give,” says Susan Hargreaves, 60, the Toronto native who runs Animal Hero Kids, a Florida animal rights organization.

“Kids are now way more aware of the link between the climate crisis and animal farming.”

“It’s not only for the animals but for our health and for climate change,” said 15-year-old vegan Kingston Walters, one of the Animal Hero Kids from Vancouver. “Being vegan is the best way to save our planet. It’s not going to be here anymore if we all just stand back and watch.”

About 15 per cent of global greenhouse gas emissions are related to livestock, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. And last year’s special report on climate change and land by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change cited reduced meat consumption and shifts to plant-based diets as opportunities for mitigating climate change.

The Canadian red meat industry was worth $21.1 billion in 2018. But Canadians have decreased their beef and pork consumption over the last two decades, looking to other protein sources including chickpeas and other legumes, algae, or fungal protein to mimic meat and poultry products.

“Buying food is like voting,” said Charlebois. “You’re basically telling the food industry that this is what matters to me … with health and environment as two of the top concerns.”

Companies such as Maple Leaf and Cargill are embracing meatless alternatives, with more vegan protein options available in grocery stores.

“The important thing is to make sure kids get the nutrients and energy they need for growth and development,” said Brooke Bulloch, a spokesperson for Dietitians of Canada.

“Of course, mom and dad are saying ‘oh my gosh, how do we meet their protein needs?’” Bulloch said, noting that she has seen more families and youth looking for advice about plant-based diets over the last year.

“But the evidence really points to protein not at all being an issue with well-planned plant-based diets.”

The Canadian Paediatric Society says a well-balanced vegetarian diet can provide for the needs of children and adolescents. But it cautions that strict vegan diets may need vitamin and mineral supplements, such as calcium fortified food.

“I think a lot of children and families are just sort of removing things out of their diet, but often not thinking about what should be added back in to prevent micronutrient deficiency,” said Nita Sharda a Winnipeg dietitian, who points to the importance of proper planning.

But Nelson Oser-Small’s mother, Michelle Oser, is not worried about her son’s vegetarian conversion.

“I’ve done my research,” she said. “As we all know, you get protein and iron from lot of places … and if you’re really worried there’s always iron and vitamin supplements.”

“He’s doing it for good reasons, and so hopefully he can stick to it.”

Katherine Monahan , The Canadian Press

Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.

Vegan and Vegetarian

Get local stories you won't find anywhere else right to your inbox.
Sign up here

Comments are closed

Just Posted

Collision results in train derailment just east of Golden

The derailment occured Sunday night, according to a statement from CP.

QUIZ: A celebration of dogs

These are the dog days of summer. How much do you know about dogs?

Haze over Okanagan and Shuswap skies may have drifted from Siberia

Few active wildifres so far this summer in B.C.

Heavy rain in Okanagan results in slowest start to fire season in four years

119 hectares of land burned so far this year, compared to 991 ha in 2019, and 3,835 ha in 2018

QUIZ: Put your knowledge of Canada to the test

How much do you know about our country?

Collision results in train derailment just east of Golden

The derailment occurred Sunday night, according to a statement from CP

Lower Mainland woman says llama farming neighbour shot her 11-month-old pup

Young dog was on owner’s Maple Ridge property when it was killed on June 21

B.C. records 31 new cases, six deaths over three days due to COVID-19

There are 166 active cases in B.C., 16 people in hospital

Police issue warning after baby comes across suspected drugs in Kamloops park

The 11-month-old girl’s mother posted photos on social media showing a small plastic bag containing a purple substance

B.C. highway widening job reduced, costs still up $61 million

Union-only project scales back work to widen Trans-Canada

Kamloops man pleads guilty in vehicle-ramming incident that injured a Mountie

Adam Hibbert was arrested following a collision during a police pursuit on May 26, 2019

Most Read